Shield, represents the government and the tribes themselves as the defender and protector of the community from any enemy specially during the olden times when tribal war was prevalent.
Spear, represents the readiness and bravery of the warriors to fight against invaders.
Mountain, indicates that the municipality is mountainous and that the mountains are sources of wealth because of their forest products like timber, mines and wildlife.
Ricefields, indicate that the principal source of the livelihood of the people is rice and other crops.
Pine Trees, denote that the place is dominated by pine trees and they do not only add beauty to the place but also provide the people and wildlife with a cool refreshing atmosphere.
History and government
There were various ethnic groups who settled in Malibcong during the olden times. However, these settlers did not remain long in the area because of fierce fightings with other ethnic groups who wanted to occupy their territory. Their homes were built on mountain tops so that they could easily overlook and trace approaching enemies. Remains of old stone walls are still found in some mountaintops abandoned by the Adasens and Illaod groups who moved to other settlements.
Three distinct tribes the Banao, Mabaka, and the Gubang with distinct dialects and traditions were the early settlers of Malibcong. Apparently however, the three were in the relative peace and harmony, bound irrevocably by their common heritage and geography. To further strengthen these ties, intermarriages were entered into and peace treaties constracted with other tribes. The peace treaty or “Bodong” which is known among various tribes in the entire Cordillera operates for the maintenance of peaceful interrelations and a concerted defense against common enemies.
Bannao leaders named the place “Liwang” which means “entrance” in the local dialect. Years later however, it was renamed Malibcong. The presence of gongs, old Tinguian necklaces, old jars and porcelains, clearly indicated that the early inhabitants of Malibcong were once engaged in trade either directly or indirectly with other countries. Even before the coming of Spaniards in the Philippines, the early settlers had their own belief in God. They believed in “Kabunian” who is the Father and creator of everything, the heaven and the earth.
In September 1960, executive Order No. 1616 was issued, creating the municipality of Malibcong. It was formed from three Districts: Mataragan, Bangilo and Malibcong.
Malibcong is presently composed of 12 Barangays namely: Malibcong, Binasaran, Taripan, Duldulao, Gacab, Dulao, Bayabas, Pacqued, Mataragan, Lat-ey, Buanao and Umnap.